Full Information To Practice Journey In Europe


Touring by prepare is the quintessential technique to tour Europe. It’s romantic. It’s inspiring. It’s super-efficient. It’s snug. Some may say it’s virtually magical. And to these of us who don’t dwell in a rustic the place prepare journey is outstanding, it’s a bit of mysterious.

On this Full Information To Practice Journey In Europe, we’ll cowl the whole lot it’s worthwhile to find out about touring Europe by rail—together with easy methods to get the very best value on prepare tickets, rail passes, understanding prepare schedules, driving trains, navigating prepare stations, and coping with different points you may encounter. By the tip of this information, you’re going to be a European prepare professional!

Fast Tip: Most prepare tickets at the moment are digital so that you’ll need quick and dependable cellular knowledge in your telephone when touring by way of prepare. Try my information on easy methods to use your telephone in Europe and our information to the very best SIM Playing cards and Information Plans for Europe.

Europe Practice Journey: The Good & Unhealthy

Europe by Train
A tiny prepare station in the midst of Italy

Let’s begin with a fast overview of the nice and the not-so-good elements of European prepare journey.

Benefits Of Practice Journey In Europe

  • You Arrive/Depart From The Metropolis Heart
    • Not like airports, European prepare stations are situated proper in the midst of city. You don’t should spend money and time touring into town since you’re already there.
      • In distinction, touring from the airport to town can take wherever from 20-60 minutes and prices between $10-$80.
  • No Lengthy Verify-In and Safety Traces
    • There are not any prolonged check-in procedures or safety screening for many prepare journey. You merely present up a couple of minutes earlier than the prepare leaves, purchase a ticket in case you don’t have one (usually from a ticket machine with English directions), and hop on the prepare.
  • No Baggage Limits/Charges
    • There are not any baggage weight limits or additional charges for a number of items of bags. Simply just remember to’re in a position to carry your bag onto the prepare.
  • E-Tickets
    • Most trains all through Europe now settle for digital tickets—all it’s a must to do is present the ticket in your telephone. Meaning no ready in ticket strains and it makes planning your prepare journey even simpler.
  • Carry A Picnic (Don’t Neglect The Wine and Beer)
    • You may just about deliver no matter you need on a prepare—together with alcohol. You’re certain to make a number of associates in case you give a number of away to your fellow vacationers. So cease by the native grocery retailer and choose up some low cost meals for the journey.
  • A Huge Rail Community and A number of Trains
    • Europe’s rail community is extraordinarily huge so it’s doable to journey to even small cities by prepare. Most locations supply a number of trains a day. The most well-liked routes normally have a number of trains an hour so attending to the place you need to go isn’t troublesome.
  • Sleep On the Practice and Lengthen Your Journey Time
    • If you happen to’re touring an extended distance, think about taking an in a single day prepare. These trains have particular sleeper vehicles with bunks (normally six-bunk rooms or two-bunk rooms). A bunk in a sleeper automotive will value about $35-$65 additional (about the identical as an evening in a hostel) however you received’t lose out on an entire day of journey. In a single day trains even have regular seats in case you don’t need to fork over the additional money for a bunk however it’s sort of uncomfortable.
  • Spontaneous Journey
    • Practice journey permits you to be spontaneous so you’ll be able to present up at any prepare station, purchase a ticket, and be in your approach.
  • Lovely Views
    • Europe has a number of stunning countryside so touring by prepare is an effective way to see some unbelievable views.
  • Peace and Quiet
    • The prepare is the proper place to sit down again and loosen up. There’s something very peaceable about staring out the window as you experience silently at 170MPH via the European countryside. The prepare can be an excellent time to write down a postcard to your family and friends, learn a e book, write in your journal (you’ll be glad you probably did), or proceed planning your future travels.
      • Some trains additionally supply designated quiet vehicles in case you really need to loosen up.
  • Consolation
    • Practice seats are bigger and extra snug than airplane seats (particularly when in comparison with many low cost airways). You’re additionally free to maneuver concerning the prepare everytime you really feel prefer it. Many trains even have seats that face one another and have a desk between the seats—so it’s nice for teams.
  • Dependable and On Schedule
    • European trains run on schedule effectively over 90% of the time however flights are solely on schedule round 65%.
  • Lovely Practice Stations
    • Traditionally, prepare stations have been the central hub for commerce and transportation so European cities confirmed off their standing by constructing grandiose prepare stations. Whereas it isn’t an enormous deal, it’s a kind of good little perks.
  • Youth Reductions
    • Many international locations supply sizable reductions for folks beneath 26 years outdated so don’t overlook to look into these reductions.
  • The Practice is Enjoyable
    • We’ve all the time discovered driving the prepare to be enjoyable. It’s oddly magical and enjoyable.

Disadvantages of Practice Journey in Europe

  • The Price
    • Practice journey will be costly—particularly on high-speed trains. Moreover, there are a number of super-cheap flights all through Europe so flying can usually be cheaper.
      • That stated, you will get some actually good offers in case you’re in a position to e book high-speed trains prematurely. However you’ll pay a premium in case you e book tremendous final minute.
      • There are sometimes reductions for vacationers beneath 26 years outdated.
  • Gradual for Lengthy-Distance Journey
    • Many high-speed trains usually journey between 150-180MPH however very lengthy distances can nonetheless take fairly a little bit of time. Moreover, some long-distance routes may require using slower regional trains.
    • That’s why it’d make extra sense to fly in case you’re touring lengthy distances. For instance, taking the prepare from Paris straight to Budapest would take round 15 hours by prepare however solely 2.5 hours by airplane (plus, flying can be significantly cheaper).
      • Word: Don’t overlook so as to add in journey time to/from the airport and time to get checked in and thru safety—which is able to add round two-three hours to your journey.
  • Barely Complicated
    • The prepare schedules is usually a little complicated—particularly for novices. Fortunately, there are many apps that assist make the method a lot simpler however we nonetheless get tripped up from time to time.
    • Many cities have a couple of prepare station (Paris has six!). It’s not unusual to reach at one station and depart from one other. We’ve proven up on the fallacious station a lot of instances so make sure you learn your tickets fastidiously.
    • It’s also doable to vary stations throughout a single journey. For instance, when touring from London to Lyon by way of the Eurostar, the Eurostar stops on the Paris North station, however then it’s a must to journey to the Paris East station to catch the prepare from Paris to Lyon as a result of there are not any direct trains from London to Lyon. This switch would require an affordable Métro (subway) experience.
  • Rail Strikes
    • Putting is a nationwide pastime in Europe. It occurs a number of instances a 12 months (or extra if the folks aren’t completely satisfied) however they announce the strikes effectively prematurely so it shouldn’t be a shock (only a problem). You’ll simply should take care of them in the event that they occur.

Pre-Journey Practice Journey Planning

Europe train guide
From Rome2Rio.com

There are a variety of nice web sites that can enable you plan your prepare journey.

The primary is Rome2Rio — merely plug in your locations and it offers you all of the prepare routes (in addition to airplane, bus, and automotive routes with value estimates and journey instances) in your journey. Rome2Rio is nice for evaluating totally different modes of transportation however I discover higher prepare ticket costs and extra full prepare listings on Omio and Trainline.

The German Railways Web site (Bahn.de) reveals the schedule of each prepare in Europe (sure, each prepare). We discover that it’s useful for piecing collectively advanced prepare journeys. Nevertheless it’s additionally good for seeing which trains require reservations and different vital data. Sadly, you’ll be able to solely e book German prepare tickets on the positioning so jump over to Omio and Trainline to e book your tickets.

I’ve additionally written a number of country-specific prepare guides that will help you study the quirks of every nation’s rail community.


How you can Purchase European Practice Tickets

Europe train ticket machine
Automated prepare ticket machines are in English

Shopping for European prepare tickets is usually a little sophisticated—particularly while you’re on the lookout for the very best offers.

That’s as a result of every nation runs its personal Nationwide rail service (many international locations even have separate non-public rail networks as effectively) and every does issues barely in a different way. Fortunately, there are many on-line instruments to make the entire course of simpler and we’ll stroll you thru the method.

Understanding Ticket Pricing

Earlier than we get began, we have to clarify that there are two predominant ways in which prepare tickets are priced — mounted value and variable value.

Variable-Worth Fares

Variable Fares are all the time altering based mostly on demand, the day of the week, the time of 12 months, and the space to the departure date. Basically all high-speed trains function on this pricing mannequin.

  • To get the very best value on high-speed prepare tickets it’s greatest to pre-book your tickets early — normally a number of weeks prematurely. Generally, the costs will proceed to creep up because the departure date approaches — you’ll pay a fortune in case you purchase final minute.
  • After all, you lose flexibility if it’s a must to purchase tickets prematurely as a result of the most affordable tickets are usually non-refundable/unchangeable

Mounted-Worth Fares

With Mounted Fares, the value is solely decided by the space traveled. That is most typical on regional and slower trains. With any such ticket, it doesn’t matter while you purchase your tickets as a result of the value by no means modifications.

The place To Purchase Europe Practice Tickets

There are two predominant methods to purchase European prepare tickets — instantly from every nation’s Nationwide Rail Service (by way of their web site or on the prepare station) or via a third-party prepare reserving search engine like Omio and Trainline.

Third-Celebration Reserving Websites

There are fairly a number of benefits to purchasing your prepare tickets with third-party reserving websites:

  • Reserving Advanced or Multi-Nation Routes
    • The benefit of reserving with a third-party reserving website is that it enables you to e book extra advanced multi-country/worldwide prepare routes. Many Nationwide Rail Providers have bother reserving worldwide routes (i.e. going from France to Italy) — to allow them to’t all the time discover the very best offers or present all accessible routes.
  • No Credit score Card Processing Points
    • Lots of Europe’s Nationwide Rail web sites nonetheless have points processing overseas bank cards so it’s widespread for bank cards to be declined when reserving. These third-party websites received’t have these points.
  • No Bizarre Technical or Translation Points
    • We’ve discovered that it’s widespread for Europe’s Nationwide Rail web sites to be plagued with bizarre technical issues and total poor person interfaces. Many instances you’ll get kicked from the English model of the web page to the native language in the midst of the reserving course of. These third-party reserving web sites handle these points.

Our Favourite Practice Reserving Web sites

  • Omio: Omio is a superb prepare reserving engine that allows you to e book tickets from nearly each nation’s rail service they usually make the reserving course of very user-friendly.
  • Trainline.com: Trainline is a brand new European prepare reserving service (similar to Omio) that sells prepare tickets from Austrian, French, German, Spanish, Italian, and German Railways railways (and some others).

Nationwide Reserving Websites

Regardless of their technical points, generally absolutely the most cost-effective tickets can solely be discovered by reserving instantly with every nation’s nationwide rail service. It’s because generally they provide are particular offers that the third-party reserving websites don’t have entry to. So it doesn’t harm to a minimum of have a look.

Hyperlinks to Some Nationwide Railway Web sites:

Austrian Railways¹ – Belgian Railways¹ – Danish RailwaysFinnish RailwaysFrench RailwaysGerman RailwaysIrish RailwaysItalian RailwaysSpanish Railways Netherlands Railways¹ – Norwegian RailwaysPolish RailwaysSwedish RailwaysSwiss Railways¹ – United Kingdom Railways

¹ Home tickets (i.e. journeys which are wholly throughout the nation) are all the time the identical value — no matter once they’re bought they usually by no means require a reservation. Due to this fact, it’s best to purchase tickets on the station. Nevertheless, these international locations usually have a separate worldwide high-speed prepare system (e.g., Belgium has slower regional trains and high-speed Thalys trains that hyperlink main Belgian cities to different worldwide cities — these tickets ought to be bought early for cheaper fares).

Fast Word About Japanese Europe Trains

Some Japanese European international locations nonetheless don’t have on-line ticket reserving so it’s solely doable to buy tickets on the station or via an area journey agent. Ask your hostel or lodge they usually’ll inform you the place to find an agent.

Receiving Your On-line Tickets

There are a variety of the way to gather your tickets after you buy them.

  • Digital Tickets: Many instances you’ll be able to have an digital ticket despatched to your telephone (both by way of electronic mail or the reserving app). Merely present the conductor on the prepare when he checks tickets and he’ll scan the QR code on the display. This isn’t accessible in all international locations however most international locations have switched to eTickets.
  • Print-At-Dwelling Tickets: Anyplace that gives digital tickets will normally allow you to print tickets at residence. You may usually merely save the PDF to your telephone/pill and the conductor can scan it from there.
  • Choose Up At Station: Use your bank card or a reserving quantity to print your tickets on the prepare station ticket machines.
    • Word: You’re usually required to make use of the SAME bank card use to buy the tickets to gather the tickets on the station.

Shopping for Tickets At The Station

You should buy prepare tickets at any prepare station—both from the ticket window or from automated ticket machines. We suggest attempting the automated ticket machines for the reason that strains on the ticket window are lengthy, gradual, and understaffed.

When To Purchase Practice Tickets To Get The Finest Worth

Fares are mounted for many regional and native trains so there isn’t a motive to purchase them early.

For high-speed trains, it’s greatest to purchase tickets early to get the most cost-effective tickets. Usually, prepare tickets will be bought 60-90 days earlier than the departure date however shopping for a number of weeks early is normally wonderful.

Let’s have a look at some ticket value examples:

  • Paris to Good
    • Bought Two Days Earlier than Departure: €69.00
    • Bought Three Weeks Earlier than Departure: €55
  • Paris to Amsterdam
    • Bought Two Days Earlier than Departure: €135
    • Bought Three Weeks Earlier than Departure: €97
    • Bought Six Weeks Earlier than Departure: €54
  • London to Paris (Eurostar Practice)
    • Bought Two Days Earlier than Departure: €234
    • Bought Three Weeks Earlier than Departure: 124
    • Bought Six Weeks Earlier than Departure: €55

As you’ll be able to see, reserving just some weeks early can save fairly a bit of cash.

Fast Level About Shopping for Practice Tickets Early: As acknowledged above, shopping for tickets prematurely is the easiest way to economize however this additionally limits your means to be versatile/spontaneous. That is very true since most of the really low cost prepare tickets are non-refundable. For optimum flexibility, it is likely to be greatest to purchase a rail go. Right here’s our Information To Utilizing Rail Passes in Europe and our Eurail Move Evaluate.

Different Practice Ticket Reductions

Most rail providers supply numerous reductions—some are based mostly on rider age however different reductions are based mostly on area, the day of the week, or different schemes.

  • Youth Low cost
    • The most typical low cost is a youth low cost — which is normally for folks beneath 27 years outdated.
  • Nation-Particular Reductions
    • Most international locations supply a lot of potential reductions. For instance, Germany has a Schönes-Wochenende-Ticket (Joyful Weekend Ticket) the place teams of 2-5 folks can experience as a lot as they need on regional trains from Saturday-Sunday for €44. Verify every nation’s rail service web site to see if there are reductions accessible.

Eurail Passes

Many vacationers select to make use of rail passes as an alternative of shopping for particular person tickets. That’s as a result of Eurail passes can prevent a bit of cash (relying on how you utilize them) however most significantly they provide you wonderful flexibility by permitting you to journey with no need to plan.

Word: We’ve written rather a lot about Eurail Passes. Try our Information To Utilizing Rail Passes in Europe and our Eurail Move Evaluate for extra in-depth data.

Fast Rundown On Rail Passes

A rail go (aka Eurail Move) is a single ticket/go that permits you to experience any prepare in Europe — merely hop on, present the conductor your go, and also you’re good to go. Really, it’s not fairly that simple as of late as there are a number of stipulations, however the common thought is you could experience any prepare with out reserving particular person tickets.

Varieties Of Rail Passes

  1. World Move
    • Steady: Limitless journey to any Eurail participant nation for between 15 days and three months.
    • Flexi: 10 or 15 particular person journey days (doesn’t should be consecutive days) to any Eurail participant nation inside a two-month interval.
  2. Choose Move:
    • Between 5 and 15 journey days in a two-month interval, however you’re restricted to touring to three, 4, or 5 bordering international locations. These passes are good if in case you have a gaggle of nations you’re enthusiastic about visiting.
      • For instance, one go may very well be 10 days of prepare journey between France, Switzerland, and Italy. You could have a two-month window to make use of of your 8 journey days. Every day you journey by prepare counts as one journey day however you’ll be able to take limitless prepare rides inside every day.
  3. Single-Nation Move:
    • Eight journey days in a single nation which have to be used inside a month.

Benefits of Rail Passes

  • Flexibility: The primary good thing about rail passes is the pliability they provide. You merely should stroll onto the prepare and go.  That’s why this can be a nice choice for individuals who don’t need to plan and who would somewhat wander throughout Europe.
  • Lengthy-Distance Trains: It’s additionally an excellent deal in case you plan on taking a number of long-distance journeys as a result of these tickets are usually costly so a rail go is an efficient approach to avoid wasting cash. Alternatively, in case you’re taking a bunch of brief prepare rides then you definately’ll most likely be higher off shopping for single tickets.
  • Low Stress: Piecing collectively a bunch of prepare journeys after which pre-purchasing particular person tickets is demanding and take a number of time and planning. For lots of people paying a bit of additional for a rail go is definitely worth the hours saved having to preplan your whole journey.

Disadvantages of Rail Passes

  • Extra Costly: It’s normally cheaper if you buy your prepare tickets on-line a number of weeks prematurely. That stated, most of those low cost pre-purchased tickets are non-refundable so that you’ll lose most of your flexibility. Nevertheless, in case you’re buying your prepare tickets a number of days earlier than departure then it’s less expensive to make use of a rail go.
  • Reservations: A couple of international locations require rail go holders to pay additional for a seat reservation on high-speed trains. The payment can vary from wherever from €5-€35 they usually should be made prematurely — they’ll generally be made on-line or instantly on the prepare station. Right here’s an in depth information to rail go reservation necessities from eurail.com. You can too enter your journey into Bahn.de and it’ll inform you if that particular journey requires a reservation.

At The Practice Station

Europe train guide | safety
Practice stations will be chaotic

Okay, now we find out about shopping for prepare tickets and rail passes and all that jazz… so let’s study what to anticipate while you get to the prepare station.

The prepare station is the primary transportation hub of most European cities so issues is usually a little chaotic and complicated—particularly in case you’re not used to touring by prepare. On this part, we’ll provide you with some ideas that will help you discover your prepare.

Navigating The Practice Station

First, be sure you have the proper prepare station as a result of many cities have a number of stations. For instance, Paris has six stations and even some smaller cities have two totally different stations.

When you arrive on the station, you’ll see signage in English so that you shouldn’t have a lot bother discovering your approach. Some stations are enormous so you’ll have to stroll fairly a bit and navigate stairs and escalators.

Relying on the scale of the station, you’ll additionally discover quick meals, cafes, buying, lounges, and restrooms (though you generally should pay to make use of them). We normally choose up one thing to drink and perhaps a bit of snack for the prepare. Additionally, most prepare stations have baggage lockers you could hire in case you want them.

Pickpockets and Scams

Practice stations can get very busy, hectic, and stuffed with confused vacationers in order that they’re a typical goal for pickpockets and different scammers. Take note of your stuff and be cautious of “useful” strangers prepared that will help you with the ticket machines. Try our Information To Avoiding Pickpockets and Vacationer Scams in Europe.

Ticket Machines

Europe train guide | vending machines
Automated ticket machines make getting tickets simple

If it’s worthwhile to purchase your prepare tickets or print your pre-purchased tickets you’ll need to first head to the automated ticket machines. Every thing is in English are the machines are easy-to-use.

Alternatively, you’ll be able to nonetheless go to the ticket window or customer support desk however the strains are normally lengthy.

Studying The Departure Board

Europe Train Guide | Departure Guide
Take note of the board as a result of data modifications continuously

When you arrive on the station you’ll need to search for the departure board. There are normally a number of boards all through the station and one large predominant board. This board tells you the place to search out your prepare, when it leaves, and the place it’s going.

The three most vital issues to notice are the prepare quantity, departure time, and the platform.

Your prepare ticket will present the scheduled departure time and the prepare quantity however it normally received’t present which platform the prepare leaves from. You’ll need to discover the prepare quantity in your ticket and match it as much as the departure board. It’s quite common for the departure board to not present the platform till a couple of minutes earlier than departure so take note of the board.

Discover Your Platform

Europe Train Guide | Platforms
Some stations have 30+ platforms

As soon as know what platform your prepare is departing from you’ll need to discover that platform on the station. Typically the platforms are a bit exhausting to search out so that you may need to hunt them out. Don’t fear if there isn’t a prepare there in the meanwhile as a result of trains usually pull in, load up, and depart.

There are normally a number of workers members milling about on every platform so don’t be afraid to ask prepare station workers as most can converse English.

Validate Your Ticket 

Europe Train Guide | Validate Ticket
Don’t overlook to validate your paper tickets!

Many bodily prepare tickets should be validated (stamped with time/date) earlier than coming into the prepare so search for small validation bins close to the doorway of the platforms. Merely place your ticket contained in the machine and it’ll stamp it.

You may obtain a big wonderful if the ticket checker sees that your ticket isn’t validated (they’ll assume you have been attempting to experience without cost). If you happen to forgot, rapidly search out the conductor, clarify that you simply forgot to validate and the whole lot ought to be wonderful. Or you’ll be able to simply play the “I’m a dumb vacationer and these scary trains confuse me” card and hope they let it slide.

Word: Digital tickets don’t should be validated as a result of they’re normally solely good for the particular time acknowledged in your ticket. Some paper tickets additionally don’t should be validated however we normally strive doing it anyway to be secure.

Discovering Your Practice Automobile

Europe Train Guide | Coach Number

On some trains (normally high-speed trains) you could have assigned seats so have a look at your ticket to see which prepare automotive your seat is in. The automotive quantity might be displayed on the facet of every prepare automotive. You may enter in any automotive however it’s a lot simpler in case you enter your automotive (strolling via a number of prepare vehicles is a ache).

Most regional and slower trains don’t have assigned seats so you’ll be able to merely hop on any automotive.

That stated, you’ll need to get on pretty rapidly as a result of trains are normally solely on the station for a couple of minutes earlier than they depart.


On The Practice

You’ve made it on the prepare. Congratulations! On this part, we’ll speak about settling in and some stuff you may expertise in your experience.

Discover Your Seat & Retailer Baggage

Discover your assigned seat (if in case you have one) or take any free seat if it’s open seating. Additionally, take the chance to retailer your baggage. Smaller baggage like backpacks and a few suitcases will be saved above your seat on baggage racks. There are normally bigger areas for larger baggage on the finish of every prepare automotive.

Wait For The Conductor To Verify Your Tickets

After the prepare begins, a ticket checker will come by and verify your ticket. Whereas not extraordinarily widespread in Western Europe, border patrol may board the prepare to verify passports. They may ask you some questions however we normally solely bumped into this in Japanese Europe.

Get pleasure from The Experience

One of many nice issues about prepare journey is the consolation of the experience. Be happy to stroll about, take a look at the bar automotive, get pleasure from a picnic (alcohol is allowed), or sleep. Some trains supply free wifi however we’ve by no means had a lot luck getting it to really work.

Departing The Practice

Probably the most complicated elements of the experience is realizing precisely when to go away the prepare. That’s as a result of prepare stations are generally named very equally. For instance, many trains coming into Brussels first cease on the Brussels Nord station (which is situated on the outskirts of city) earlier than stopping on the predominant Brussels Centrale station (which is situated within the heart of city).


Extra Journey Suggestions

Best travel pants

Now we have much more ideas and tips for touring via Europe on a finances. Listed below are a number of useful articles we predict you’ll get pleasure from.

James Feess
Newest posts by James Feess (see all)

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